It’s been a long road, but there’s a continuing upward trend. In 1998, only 6 percent of all full professors were women; today the number is 26 percent, about four times as many. The number of female associate professors has also quadrupled, to 31 percent. Although Delft is at the bottom of the rankings, progress can be seen in historical perspective (in Dutch): in ten years' time, the share of female professors has doubled, from 8 percent in 2010 to 16.9 percent in 2020.
In the Netherlands one in four Professors is a woman, in Delft that is one in five. (Photo: TU Delft)

A full quarter of all professors at universities in the Netherlands are now women, the newest figures reveal. TU closes the ranking.

Lees in het Nederlands

It’s been a long road, but there’s a continuing upward trend. In 1998, only 6 percent of all full professors were women; today the number is 26 percent, about four times as many. The number of female associate professors has also quadrupled, to 31 percent. Although Delft is at the bottom of the rankings, progress can be seen in historical perspective (in Dutch): in ten years’ time, the share of female professors has doubled, from 8 percent in 2010 to 16.9 percent in 2020.

© HOP. Source: WOPI figures, Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU). Excluding the field of healthcare. Reference date: 31 December 2020.

Five years ago, universities set targets for the year 2020, and most have managed to surpass their own goals. Only Wageningen University & Research, Tilburg University, and the University of Amsterdam fell short. TU Delft did succeed, with the proviso that the target was not very high: 15 per cent. All other universities aimed for at least 20 per cent female professors.

At the time, there was some discussion about the target figures. Should universities aim high and accept the risk that they would fail, or rather make realistic estimates, with the risk that they would make it too easy for themselves?

The Dutch Network of Women Professors (LNVH) was happy with the targets. Their position was that targets would keep the focus on the problem of women failing to get ahead in academia. That’s why the LNVH asked the universities last year to set new targets for 2025. These targets call for nearly one in three professors to be a woman by 2025. Delft aims to have 25% female professors by 2025. The current state of affairs can be followed via the gender equality dashboard.

© HOP. Source: WOPI figures, Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU). Target figures: 2020 Monitor of Women Professors.

Maastricht University and the Open University, with 33 and 42 percent respectively, have the highest number of female full professors compared to the other institutions. At the bottom of the list are the four technical universities.

But while it’s true that Eindhoven University of Technology ranks low, the numbers of female faculty are growing at a fast rate: in five years the proportion of female full professors doubled from 10 to 20 percent. This university caused a kerfuffle in recent years with its affirmative action policy prioritising women, which some thought went too far.

Only Erasmus University Rotterdam outperformed Eindhoven’s growth. The proportion of female full professors there rose from under 10 percent in 2015 to more than 24 percent in 2020, an increase by a factor of 2.5.

© HOP. Source: WOPI figures, Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU). Excluding the field of healthcare. Reference date: 31 December 2020.

It is worth noting that the number of female professors rose at all universities over the past year, even if you have to look behind the decimal point to see these results for Nijmegen: the gains from 2019 to 2020 only came to 0.05 of a percentage point.

What will the future look like? With an average growth of one percentage point per year, the national target of 31 percent for 2025 looks feasible. At this rate, however, it will take another 24 years before the number of female full professors equals that of their male colleagues.

HOP, Bas Belleman / Delta, Marieke Enter / Translation: Taalcentrum-VU