Venis 2021 ENG
The Garden Complex
Dr Bieke Cattoor (ABE)
Gardens are of major importance in urban resilience: they are key in countering climate change effects and biodiversity loss, and are greatly beneficial to human health and well-being. Despite these powerful capacities, the garden complex – the sum of urban gardens – has been largely overlooked in research and planning. This is especially problematic because gardens occupy 30% of urban ground, but they risk disappearing or face critical change due to densification, environmental stress and changing lifestyles. This VENI addresses, analyses and encourages garden complexes, thereby contributing to co-creating a more sustainable, liveable and resilient urban future.
Physics-informed AI to avoid power blackouts in the energy transition
Dr Jochen Cremer (EEMCS)
Sudden catastrophic power blackouts across entire regions can last for months, with serious consequences for society. Even experts cannot quickly understand when blackouts occur and there is no efficient countermeasure. This research uses artificial intelligence to predict power blackouts and provides an effective countermeasure that can accelerate the energy transition and protect society from the next pan-European blackout.
Sustainable and Miniature Power Solutions for the future Internet-of-Things
Dr Sijun Du (EEMCS)
Making wireless sensor devices self-sustainable and small, with energy harvesting solutions and sub-mm dimensions, will be critical in future Internet-of-Things applications such as in healthcare and smart-farming systems. However, current self-sustained devices are larger, with dimensions dominated by off-chip inductors. Removing these inductors can potentially decrease the system size by 99% and pave the way to real-world uses and commercialisation. This project proposes a new inductorless architecture for energy harvesting systems. It achieves higher energy efficiency than conventional inductor-based systems, breaks the miniaturisation barrier, and enables fully silicon-integrated self-sustained wireless sensing devices for the future Internet-of-Things.
Mattering Minds: Understanding the Ethical Lives of Technologically Embedded Beings with 4E
Dr Janna van Grunsven (TPM)
That technology plays an important role in how we live ethically is increasingly being recognised by philosophers and engineers alike. That said, little attention has been paid to how technology shapes our experience of the expressive bodily lives of others as beings who matter. Using insights from the fast-growing field of 4E cognitive science, this research shows that we are ignoring an important dimension of ethical life that, when understood, can provide new normative insights for technology development.
The ‘Plug-and-Play Radionuclide Generator’: Nanoparticle-Based Recyclable Target Materials
Dr Robin de Kruijff (AS)
Radioactive isotopes such as 99mTc are widely used to diagnose various medical diseases, including cancer. However, current production methods are based on just a few old nuclear reactors worldwide and produce considerable long-lasting radioactive waste. To continue using these isotopes in the future, new, clean production routes are essential. To this end, De Kruijff is working on a new type of radionuclide generator for the production of 99mTc. This nanoparticle-based generator can be returned to the irradiation facility after use in the hospital to make it radioactive again. This will enable us to provide reliable patient care!
Nanoplastic – Macroproblem? Unravelling removal mechanisms during water treatment
Dr Kim Lompe (CEGS)
Nanoplastics in drinking water are a potential threat for human health but are difficult to analyse due to their small size and variable composition. Through pilot studies and models, this research uses engineered nanoplastic tracer particles with a metal core for the analysis of removal mechanisms in drinking water sand filters.
Peatland: living on a gassy soil. Revealing the role of gas on the behaviour of peat
Dr Stefano Muraro (CEGS)
Global warming is increasing the exsolution of gas bubbles from peat, which can compromise the performance and safety of geo-infrastructure. Dr Muraro will investigate the role of gas bubbles in peat through advanced experimental testing at the micro and macro scale which will support the development of a model to predict the geotechnical behaviour of gassy peat. This research will help formulate mitigation protocols thereby improving the future safety of geo-infrastructure.
Regenerative propellers: sustainable and quiet electric propeller aircraft with in-flight energy recovery
Dr Tomas Sinnige (AE)
Sustainable and quiet aircraft is essential to reduce the impact of aviation on our environment. The combination of electric propulsion technology with efficient yet quiet propellers can achieve this goal. This project investigates a novel approach to maximise energy efficiency and minimise the noise of future electric aircraft using propellers that are optimally integrated in the aircraft and regenerate electricity during parts of the flight.
From signal-based modelling to sensation-based modelling
Dr Yasemin Vardar (3mE)
Imagine you could feel the brush strokes of Van Gogh in his Starry Night painting, the fur of your beloved pet on a Zoom call, or tissue in medical images. Vardar aims to enable this breakthrough by developing a generic parameterised model that can emulate any tactile texture across diverse human sensations like roughness and slipperiness.