The 3mE faculty building with in front of it the Mekelpark where people are having lunch
In engineering, TU Delft reaches its highest position: 21st. (Photo: Justyna Botor)

Seven Dutch universities have dropped down the world university rankings. Four universities are climbing, including TU Delft. But the criteria used are controversial.

Lees in het Nederlands

According to the British ranking, ten Dutch universities are still among the best two hundred in the world. Only five countries have more universities in the top two hundred: the United States, Britain, Germany, Australia and – for the first time – China.

The wide-ranging assessment includes academic performance, reputation in education and research, internationalisation, the number of students per lecturer and collaboration with the corporate sector.

Front runner
The front runner among the Dutch universities is Wageningen University & Research at no. 59, which is a drop of six places compared to last year. Four universities have moved up the rankings; the University of Amsterdam, Utrecht University, TU Delft and the University of Groningen.

The top ten consists exclusively of British and American universities. At the very top – for the seventh year in a row – is the British University of Oxford, followed by Harvard University in the US. Switzerland’s ETH Zurich takes eleventh place and the highest-ranked Chinese institution (Tsinghua University) occupies the sixteenth spot.

Onderzoekers worden afgerekend op artikelen die goed scoren onder vakgenoten

The Times ranking is divided into a variety of sub-sections. In engineering, TU Delft reaches its highest position: 21st. Again, four American universities and a British one are at the top. In the Impact Ranking Quality Education, where education is measured against the United Nations Global Development Goals, TU Delft scores low. This ranking specifically measures universities' contribution to early childhood and lifelong learning, their pedagogical research and their commitment to inclusive education. TU Delft is ranked 601-800 here. The top three in this ranking are: Aalburg University (Denmark), King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia) and Lingnan University Hong Kong.

Danger
Rankings sometimes come in for criticism. The danger of rankings like these is that they encourage universities to narrow their focus to aspects that are likely to improve their score. In the past, some Dutch universities have even toyed with the idea of a merger, partly because pooling their resources would earn them a higher ranking.

The ranking criteria are not without controversy either. Internationalisation of staff and students, for example, is considered a plus, yet in the Netherlands there is also criticism of the unbridled influx of foreign students and the growing influence of English on education.

Furthermore, citations of scientific articles count for 30 percent of the score. This means that researchers are judged by articles that score well among their peers. The use of citation scores like these is now generating considerable resistance, with many arguing that research should be assessed along different lines.

HOP, Bas Belleman / Delta, Saskia Bonger
Translation: Taalcentrum-VU